December 25, 1904
Farmworker, labor leader, and Asian American civil rights activist Philip Vera Cruz is born in Ilocos Sur, the Philippines. Vera Cruz was one of the founders of the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee, composed mainly of Filipino workers. Their strike in 1965 against Delano, California, grape growers was joined by the mostly Latino union, the National Farm Workers Association. The two groups went on to merge to become the United Farm Workers. Vera Cruz remained an activist for social justice throughout his life.