Today in Labor History

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Archive for the month “June, 2014”

June 29, 1936


Miner and organizer Jesus Pallares, who helped organize 8,000 miners into the Liga Obrera de Habla Espanola, is accused of being a communist and deported as an “undesirable alien” following a strike by Chicano coal miners in Gallup, New Mexico. After the 1935 strike, martial law was declared for six months, miners were evicted from their housing camp, and strike leaders were arrested.

June 28, 1816


Following a failed attempt to regulate the stocking knitting trade and form a Trade Society to promote their demands, textile workers in England attack mills in Loughborough, smashing 53 frames. Troops were used to end the riots, six men were executed, and another three were transported.

June 27, 1949


23,000 coal miners in Australia strike over wages and working conditions. The Australian Labor Party government confiscated union funds, raided union offices, imprisoned leaders, and imposed fines. On August 1, troops armed with machine guns, bayonets, and rifles entered the coalfields. Within two weeks, the strike was broken.

June 23, 1848


Parisian workers take to the streets after the French government cuts public works programs to provide for the unemployed. Artillery was brought in against the protesters’ barricades and at least 1,500 people were killed, 12,000 arrested, and many exiled to Algeria.

June 15, 1987


300 voice-over actors working in television animation begin what will be a five week-long strike that resulted in a new contract which included a wage increase, shorter recording sessions, and a bonus when required to do three main characters in one session.

June 4, 1975


Governor Jerry Brown signs the landmark California Agricultural Relations Act, establishing collective bargaining rights for the state’s farmworkers. Agricultural workers’ collective bargaining rights were excluded from the federal National Industrial Recovery Act and the National Labor Relations Act and efforts throughout the years for inclusion had been unsuccessful.

June 2, 1929


Labor leader and president of the Western Federation of Miners (1902-1926) Charles “Charlie” Moyer dies. Moyer led the union during the Colorado Labor Wars and was accused in the assassination of the ex-governor of Idaho. Concerned with the “radicalism” of the IWW, Moyer took the union out and affiliated with the more conservative AFL in 1911. [Photo (L-R): Charles Moyer, Bill Haywood, and George Pettibone, all accused in the death of Frank Steunenberg, 1907.]

June 1, 1921


Established by Congress in 1920, the Railroad Labor Board cuts rail workers’ wages 12.5 percent. Following a series of further actions by the Board over the next year, 400,000 railroad shop workers went out on what would be a bitter three month-long strike on July 1, 1922.

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