Today in Labor History

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Archive for the tag “india”

February 22, 1918

Gandhiji-Champaran-AhmedabadTextile mill owners in Ahmedabad, India, lock out their workers over a cost-of-living wage dispute. Indian independence leader Mohandas K. Gandhi proposed a compromise between what the workers and employers were demanding and began his first “fast unto death,” which lasted for four days until the mill owners agreed to arbitration.

January 16, 1997


Militant Indian trade union leader and politician Dr. Datta Samant is murdered by hired gunmen. Samant led nearly 250,000 textile workers in Mumbai on a year-long strike in 1982. The New York Times described him as having a “reputation for rough tactics – threatening companies with strikes and agitation that often resulted in violent clashes, winning the loyalty of workers with heft wage increases, and ousting older, established labor leaders.”

February 18, 1946


Royal Indian Navy sailors in Bombay (Mumbai) go on strike over wages, working conditions, and racism by British officers.  The mutiny quickly spread to involve 20,000 sailors on 74 ships and at 20 shore establishments, and sparked demonstrations across the country before it was suppressed by the British military.  Prime Minister Clement Attlee would later cite the mutiny as a decisive factor in the British withdrawal from India.

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