Today in Labor History

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Archive for the tag “labor day”

September 7, 2015

Labor-Day-Posters-4Today is Labor Day. In 1894, after sending in the Army and U.S. Marshals to break the Pullman strike, President Grover Cleveland’s popularity was in the toilet. In the immediate wake of the strike, legislation designating a federal Labor Day holiday was rushed unanimously through Congress and arrived on Cleveland’s desk for his signature.

September 1, 2014

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Today is Labor Day. In 1894, after sending in the Army and U.S. Marshals to break the Pullman strike, President Grover Cleveland’s popularity was in the toilet. In the immediate wake of the strike, legislation designating a federal Labor Day holiday was rushed unanimously through Congress and arrived on Cleveland’s desk for his signature.

February 18, 1906

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Labor leader Peter J. McGuire dies. McGuire co-founded the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America and was credited by AFL President Samuel Gompers as being the “Father of Labor Day.” At an 1882 meeting of the New York Central Labor Union, McGuire introduced a resolution calling for workers to lead a “festive parade through the city” on the first Monday in September. More than 30,000 people participated in the event.

September 5, 1882

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The first Labor Day is observed on this date in New York City, called for by the Central Labor Union of New York. In 1894, after sending in the Army and U.S. Marshals to break the Pullman Strike, President Grover Cleveland sought appeasement with organized labor. Legislation making Labor Day a national holiday was rushed through Congress unanimously and signed into law by Cleveland six days after the strike ended.

May 23, 2013

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Today is Labour Day in Jamaica.  The date marks the anniversary of the widespread strikes and protests that shut down Kingston on May 23, 1938, after police attacked workers on strike over wages and working conditions at the Frome sugar factory, killing four people and arresting 109 others.

February 21, 1887

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Oregon passes the first legislation in the country to officially recognize the “workingman’s holiday” – Labor Day.  By 1894, 30 other states had adopted the holiday and on June of that year, Congress passed an act making the first Monday in September each year a federal holiday.

September 3, 2012

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Today is Labor Day.  In 1894, after sending in the Army and U.S. Marshals to break the Pullman strike, President Grover Cleveland’s popularity was in the toilet.  In the immediate wake of the strike, legislation designating a federal Labor Day holiday was rushed unanimously through Congress and arrived on Cleveland’s desk for his signature.  [Image:  Poster by Ricardo Levins Morales:  http://bit.ly/SbecoR]

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