Today in Labor History

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Archive for the tag “nlrb”

May 20, 1937

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Steelworkers at Jones and Laughlin’s Aliquippa, Pennsylvania, steel mill vote overwhelmingly for the Steel Workers Organizing Committee as their exclusive bargaining agent. It marked the first NLRB election in the steel industry and the company was forced to rehire employees it had fired, with back pay, and recognize the union.

April 12, 1937

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The United States Supreme Court rules on National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation, affirming the constitutionality of the National Labor Relations Act (the “Wagner Act”) of 1935. The NLRB had ruled against the company for firing ten workers who were attempting to unionize; the company refused, arguing that the NLRA was unconstitutional.

May 16, 1938

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The U.S. Supreme Court issues its decision in the case of NLRB v. Mackay Radio & Telegraph Co., permitting employers to permanently replace striking workers. The court said that management could not fire strikers, but could “permanently replace” them. The United States remains one of the few countries in the world where it is legal for strikers to lose their jobs.

May 25, 1936

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The Remington Rand strike begins, a strike that is notorious for the company’s use of aggressive anti-union tactics that becomes known as the “Mohawk Valley Formula,” a corporate plan for strikebreaking.  In a monumental 120-page decision that recounted the company’s actions – which included discrediting union leaders, hiring thugs to instigate violence, and threatening to close factories – the NLRB ordered the company to recognize the union and make restitution to the workers.

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